M2P 2023

Space-Time Discretizations and Their Potential for High-Performance Computing

  • Behr, Marek (RWTH Aachen University)

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Moving-boundary flow simulations are an important design and analysis tool in many areas, including civil and biomedical engineering, as well as production engineering. Interface-capturing offers flexibility for complex free-surface motion, while interface-tracking is very attractive due to its mass conservation properties at low resolution. We focus on these alternatives in the context of flow simulations based on stabilized finite element discretization of Navier-Stokes equations, including space-time formulations that allow extra flexibility concerning grid design at the interface. Space-time approaches offer some not-yet-fully-exploited advantages; among them, the potential to allow unstructured space-time meshing. New methods for generating simplex space-time meshes have been developed, e.g., allowing arbitrary temporal refinement in selected portions of space-time slabs. The resulting tetrahedral and pentatope meshes are being used in the context of cavity filling flow simulations, such as those necessary to design injection molding processes. A related approach allows for robust and accurate handling of topology changes, as often encountered in free-surface flows and in fluid-structure interaction with dynamic contact. Many of those novel numerical methods involve multiple discretization points in the time direction, at least in selected spatial areas. And in some cases, the entire space-time domain is solved for at once. This opens a whole range of questions concerning efficient use high-performance computing platforms, from the choice of proper domain decomposition, to the parallelization and preconditioning strategy. Examples of the fully-coupled space-time problems will be presented, including flows past valves involving topology changes, and fluid-structure interaction. This is a joint work with Dr. Norbert Hosters, Dr. Michel Make, Dr. Max von Danwitz, Dr. Violeta Karyofylli, Blanca Ferrer, Patrick Antony, and Thomas Spenke.